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THE EASTHOPE FAMILY Throughout the 1600's there was a small family of Glovers called EASTHOPE starting with 2 brothers JOHN & RANDALL. JOHN our 9G Grandfather produced just 1 surviving son RICHARD also a Glover our 8G Grandfather. RICHARD married twice producing 10 children including our 7G Grandfather also RICHARD who broke with tradition & became a Bargemaster & was the first of a large extended EASTHOPE family who made their living on the R. Severn as Bargemasters. They plied their trade along the river Severn from Bristol to Tewksbury & after the canal was dug in the 1780's onwards to Stratford-on-Avon. They carried coal, salt, iron, pottery & even household furniture.RICHARD was a Burgess of the town as was his father & grandfather before him & in his will probated 1700 he left his entire estate valued at £245 18s 4d to his wife Elizabeth. Many bargemasters married into like families & Richard’s son ABRAHAM b.1679 our 6G Grandfather was no exception. He married MARGERY EDDOWES b.1682 daughter of JOHN bargemaster on Feb 20th. 1703 Bridgnorth. Abraham died in 1765 & according to his Probate list had £3 3s in his purse at the time. Margery, although she didn’t know it is a direct descendant of ALFRED THE GREAT who is our 36G Grandfather. They had 5 children with only Frances b.1709 & THOMAS bargemaster our 5G Grandfather b.1712 reaching adulthood. Frances married Francis Asbury son of FRANCIS bargemaster in 1735 & Thomas married Francis’ sister FRANCES b.1713 on Feb. 7th 1738 Bridgnorth. Thomas & Frances had 8 children before Frances’ death in 1761 after which he moved his family to Tewksbury remarrying to Mary Ludgrove in 1780. Thomas, like his father & Grandfather was also a Burgess of Bridgnorth one of 41 Easthope’s to hold that title. Owing to the precariousness of the river Severn many bargemasters had other sources of income Thomas had several properties in St. Leonard’s & St.Mary Magdalene’s Bridgnorth including the Hole in the Wall Inn which was built into the ruins of Bridgnorth Castle adjoining 3 stables which he also owned. Thomas died in 1782 & in his will he directed that all his property in St.Leonard’s be sold (with the exception of the Inn which went to his eldest son Thomas) & the money invested out of which his widow Mary would receive £12 p.a. paid quarterley.His other son EDWARD b.1751 received £5 p.a.but only after Mary’s death.3rd son Francis received the same but as he was somewhere unknown overseas his share was to be invested until he returned providing it was before Thomas’ 2 Grandsons by his eldest son Thomas reached 21.Francis was also left a large amount of household items mainly of silver with the same provision. If he failed to return to England his legacy was to be divided between his 2 Grandsons on reaching 21. Apart from £12 p.a. Mary was also left: “ my best bed bolster & pillow with the bedstead, furniture & hangings thereof belonging, two pair of sheets, two table cloths, six napkins, the bed and ?, best china, six silver teaspoons & trunk, two boxes, a large ? looking glass, a dressing table & six of the best chairs” but only for her natural life, it all then went to Thomas’ 2 Grandsons along with his property which he also owned in the Parish of St.Mary Magdalene Bridgnorth. It’s not known if 3rd son Francis ever returned to claim his legacy. Thomas also directed that he should be buried with his 1st. wife Frances & several of his children in the Easthope tomb in Bridgnorth. Thomas’ only other 2 surviving children Thomas & EDWARD our 4G Grandfather both bargemasters went into business together on the river but this was liquidated in 1793 as Edward was now married to SUSANNA ? & living in Stratford-on-Avon. One of Thomas’ sons was Sir John Easthope London stockbroker & MP who also owned The Morning Chronicle but was infamous for being a harsh employer to such an extent that his journalists staged a protest against their working conditions. This protest was led By Charles Dickens one of his journalists at the time. Edward & Susanna had 9 children before Susanna’s death in 1795 with only 2 surviving to adulthood. The youngest being EDWARD b.1787 gold refiner our 3G Grandfather who had moved to B’ham by the time of his marriage to REBECCA ROWLANDS in 1814.Edward was the 1st Easthope not to work for himself. The other surviving child was Goodwin b.1785 who became a plumber, glazier & painter in Stratford a few doors away from his wife Sarah who had a hat making shop. Edward the father remarried to widow Jane Gould nee Careless in 1796 & went on to have 3 more children with only the eldest 2 Elizabeth & Jane surviving to adulthood. The youngest Abraham died in infancy. Jane & Elizabeth went into partnership in a dressmaking business which they had for nearly 20 years. Edward the father also had many business interests including 2 farms, 2 cottages, a granary & warehouses in the Stratford Basin. He also had built The Old Ferry House a 3 storey Georgian building in Southern Lane close to the river. Today it’s a Grade 2 listed building owned by the Royal Shakespeare Co. Edward died in 1810 & in his will he left his widow Jane all his businesses in order that she could provide for herself & her children Jane & Elizabeth who were at that time 12 & 9 until the youngest reached 21.Afterwards the Trustees who included Jane & son Edward were directed to sell everything & invest the money in Government bonds out of which profit Jane would receive £70 p.a. to be paid half yearly providing she stayed his widow. If she should remarry she would receive £50 as a one off payment. Jane never remarried. Goodwin received £50 & the rest was equally divided amongst his other 3 children Jane Elizabeth & Edward. Had Jane remarried Goodwin would have received an extra £50 from the annuities set aside for Jane with the rest divided between the other 3 children. Edward the son was offered his father’s businesses but died in 1818 3 years before the legacy became available.Edward is buried in the Easthope tomb at Tewkesbury Abbey with the family of his uncle Thomas. Edward the father also directed that he should be buried in the Easthope tomb at Holy Trinity Stratford with his 1st wife Susanna.There are 13 Easthope's interred there. The Easthope name came from the village of the same name in Salop. The earliest recorded is Roger of Easthope in 1166 & then Henry de Esthop in 1209.Thomas de Easthop held half a Knights fee in Easthope in 1238 for the Barony of Fitzalan.Others mentioned are William de Easthop in 1247,John de Easthop in 1255 who held 50 acres in the Barony of Fitzalan which he held for the next 50 years rent free,a reward for providing his services as a Knight at Oswestry. in 1383 John de Easthope Patron of the Church was murdered with a knife by the Rector William Garmeston who was removed from the Parish & banished for his crime.John's widow Lady Edith continued as Patron until 1408. In 1414 John de Easthope & his brother Richard were charged with murdering William Calweton.The outcome is unkonwn. This family is mentioned up to 1497 when the Easthope land was sold. By 1591 the estate belonged to Edward Lutwyche 2nd. husband of Catherine Oteley our 11G Grandmother. ************************************************************************ THE CLIFFORD FAMILY THOMAS CLIFFORD was born at 2B1 Gilson a small hamlet outside Coleshill in 1838,later moving to 17 High St.Coleshill.He was the son of EDWARD a road labourer also of Coleshill.About 1855 THOMAS migrated to Birmingham,as did his elder brother WILLIAM a few years earlier.He trained as a silversmith and lived at 35 Moland St. He met and married LUCY ARNOLD daughter of JOHN an engine driver on Christmas Day 1858 at the local church of Bishop Ryder and moved to 2Ct.20H.Moland St.where LOUISA was born and later to 3H.30Ct.Unett St.Aston. THOMAS and LUCY had 13 children between 1861 and 1887,10 living to adulthood the exceptions being AGNES MARIA who died in 1872 aged 4,FRANCIS BERNARD who died in 1886 aged 9 & THOMAS SEBASTIAN twin of JAMES who died at birth in 1869. As well as being a silversmith THOMAS also sang in a highly regarded quartet at St.Chads Cathedral Birmingham and his daughter ADA married The Sacristan of the Cathedral SAMUEL BALL on 29th.April 1889 at the Cathedral,where THOMAS lists his occupation as an "art metal worker"(obviously for such a grand occassion an equally grand job title was needed). THOMAS'S son THOMAS R CLIFFORD became the real star of the family where after graduating as a teacher and marrying another teacher SARAH JANE TOUGHEY on the 24th.July 1898 he became Headmaster of St.Wulstan's RC.school in Rugby at the age of 29.At this time he was the ward of his niece LUCY then aged 9 who was the daughter of his sister ADA.It may be she was a victim of TB and was living with her uncle because of the cleaner air that the semi-rural area of Rugby provided. Unfortunately as in every family there is a black sheep,in this case it seems to be EDMUND the youngest son. Edmund married Hannah Bill,C.1901 but "forgot" to take the marriage licence with him.He managed to persuade the vicar to continue with the wedding on the promise that he would return with the said document,he didn't.Edmund spent the next 14 years flitting in and out of Hannah's life where he managed to produce 6 children, eventually disappearing for good.Hannah now destitute applied to the local Magistrate for a maintenance order against her wayward husband only to be told she wasn't married after all and wasn't entitled to anything.She never saw Edmund again which wasn't surprising as he changed his name to GEORGE RAYMOND in the late 1920's. I suppose there's some good in everyone as Edmund joined the Army in 1912 & served with the Royal Warwickshire Regt.RGA.At the outbreak of war he was sent to the Somme.He was invalided out in 1916.He received the 15 Star,Victory Medal & British Medal.His brother JAMES JOSEPH was also an army man joining the 1st.Border Regt.in 1894 for the full 22 years,he attained the rank of Colour Sgt. & served the full term in South Africa during the Boer War.His Service records are on here. After the death of his wife at 194 Barr St.Aston in Jan.1892 THOMAS remarried to ELLEN CROWLEY on Aug. 14 1892 just 6 months after his wife's death,he travelled to London where his new wife was living,married & brought her back to B'ham.He moved to Liverpool taking his daughters LUCY CLARE & TERESA with him.They lived at 88 Kendrick St.Seaforth a coastal resort north of Liverpool,maybe for health reasons or maybe there were family objections to marrying someone 14 years his junior.It meant THOMAS giving up his job,children and grand children for the woman he loved.His daughter LUCY worked in service for a local family of timber merchants and moved for a time to Mertyn Hall in Flintshire with the daughter and son of her employer.Later she moved to London where in 1907 at the age of 23 she married ARTHUR HAYSOM a plumber.Later the family emigrated to Canada.TERESA Also worked for a local family eventually marrying in 1919 & emigrating to Texas. ELLEN died late 1911 & Thomas moved back to B'ham & died in 1924 aged 85. Meanwhile back in Coleshill,following the death of his wife ANN in Jan.1883 aged 80 EDWARD,THOMAS'S father moved in with his daughter EMMA and her second husband JAMES YOUNG at no.84 High St.with the 9 children they had between them and WINNIE SMITH age 3 a nurse child.EDWARD died in June 1893 aged 88. The CLIFFORD family can now be found in Australia,USA & Canada. ***************************************************************************** THE MAY FAMILY From the late 1860's to 1871 Emily May, the eldest daughter of Henry May and Ann Perryman worked in service for the family of Robert Greathead a shoe manufacturer at 4 Chandos Terrace Westbury on Trym about 9 miles from Keynsham where she conceived son George.A clue to the father lies in the 1871 census, when a visitor, Arthur H Palmer a 30 year old sea captain was at the family home when George was conceived. Was it possible a 16 year old girl could resist the charms of such a dashing figure? Now having been dismissed by her employer, Emily at 16 returned to her family in Keynsham.On January 4th.1872 the local doctor rushed to the May household as Emily went into labour and sent her immediately to the local workhouse where shortly after admittance Emily gave birth to a baby boy,George.Emily and George remained at Keynsham workhouse until she discharged herself on January 24th.1872.The reason Emily went to the workhouse was because she was having serious difficulty with the birth and doctor's fees where beyond the family finances.As an inmate Emily would have received some care from whatever medical staff were there and paid for by the Parish.More about Emily and George Later. The first May to arrive in Birmingham was Henry James in late 1860's.He lodged with the Satchwell's in Lady Wood and worked as a machinist.Later his father also Henry followed with the rest of the May family including Emily and George,in time to see Henry James marry Sarah Ann Hare in 1873.Henry went on to become a pawnbroker and marine store owner. Henry the father returned to Keynsham where he lived out his life with his brother James and their sister Sarah just 2 doors away. Henry's wife Ann stayed in Brum! In 1880's Emily met and married Henry Whitworth a carter from Bilston and moved, along with George her son to 1H.7Ct.Kent St.North.Two doors away at no.3 lived Emma Kane daughter of William a brickmaker.Over the next six years George and Emma had three children George, Alfred & William. Shortly after William's birth George left Emma and took up with Annie Metcher and took Alfred with him while George the eldest child went to live with his Grandmother Emily.William our link to this family stayed with his mother Emma. Alfred May,William's brother served in the 1/9th. Cycle Batt. Hampshire Regt. & died in Ekaterinburg Siberia in 1919. Story from William: "When I was little I had red curly hair, my mom used to take me to where she worked and the women used to pick a curl and mom would cut it off so they could stick it to their foreheads which was the fashion.She charged them a penny a curl.My curls put many a dinner on the table" ******************************************************************************* THE CADBY FAMILY The earliest Cadby we can verify is George a wool scribbler b.circa 1744 Wiltshire probably the son of Philip Cadby. George married "Mercy" on Nov.7 1775 Leeds according to Mercy,who gave this information in 1783 to the St.Margaret's Parish Council Westminster when applying for Parish relief,it's believed George was in prison at this time.Mercy was denied & described as "a vagabond whose husband had left her" & despatched with her 2 children William aged 3 & Ann aged 10 months to Devizes Wiltshire,her last known Parish. George eventually reunited with Mercy & went on to have 8 more children,the last being James,Amy Cadby's Great Grandfather.Mercy died c.1812. George remarried Nov.14 1813 at St.Peter's & St.Paul's Aston to widow Mary Bradford & died 1821 while living in Livery St.B'ham. The eldest son William b.1779 died overseas in 1809 while serving in the Army,his son Benjamin b.1801 was tried for theft at the Old Bailey in 1818 & emigrated to Tasmania where he married a female convict Mary Flaerty & had 6 children.All today's Cadby's in Tasmania are related to them. Phillip Cadby b.1784 went on to become a respected Auctioneer in B'ham. Next eldest,John Wesley Cadby b.1786 became a Sgt. in the 90th.Infantry Regt.transferred to the Navy & fought in the Anglo American war of 1812-14,deserted & married a local girl Minerva Adams who wrote in 1829 of her husband leaving her & returning to England,it's believed he may have drowned on the journey home. George b.1790 was also an Army man serving in the 73rd.Regt. of Foot & 102nd.Regt. from 1811-30 & fought in the Peninsular Wars.He "volunteered" for the 1st.NSW Veteren Corps. & sailed for Australia in 1826 on the prison ship Orpheus arriving Sept.16 1826 with Wife Catherine & his 4 children.After his term of duty he was granted 100 acres of land at Gordon NSW where he "employed" 6 convicts.His land know locally as Cadby's Way was used as a ferrying route to nearby settlements,also used as an illegal rum route which I'm sure he was paid handsomely.The story gets blurred but it appears his wife died,George sold his land in 1835 & remarried to Sarah Copus believed to be a transportee on June 22nd.1835 Sydney,Sarah died probably from the measles epidemic in 1836 on their arrival back in England.His children stayed in Australia."Cadby's Way" still exists today. George married for a 3rd. time to Sarah Lees April 4th.1836 St.George's B'ham & died in 1864 after fathering 3 more children. James Cadby b.1798 became an Army Drum Major & married Nov.4 1824 at the Garrison Church St.George's Grenada to Anne Wingfield & had 2 children Charles James Cadby b.1825 & Mary Anne b.1832 both Grenada,Mary Anne is described in a letter from James as blind fron birth.Wife Anne died overseas & James returned to England & settled in B'ham where he remarried to Oliff (Abbie) Hallsworth in 1842.James died 1865. His son Charles James Cadby married Ellen Foden August 7th.1852 at Smethwick Old Church & had 4 children,2nd. eldest being Frederick Cornelius Cadby,Amy's father. ************************************************************************************* THE LUTWYCHE FAMILY The earliest mention of Lutwyche Hall can be found in the Domesday Book of 1086.This entry states that the last Saxon to hold the building was a man named Godwin.After the Norman invasion it passed into the hands of a Norman called Ricard, who held it for his overlord Rainald. The Lutwyche name has it's origin in Anglo-Saxon times,"Lut" meaning:shovel,to dig ditches and "wic" meaning:outlying farm.There are many versions of the name,here are some:Lutwych,Lutwycke,Lutwick,Luttoyche,Lutwysche,Leitwyche Lutwiche & Lutwidge.There was a Lutwidge with Nelson at Trafalgar.but the most famous is Charles Lutwidge Dodgson better known as Lewis Carroll. The earliest mention of the name belongs to Herbert De Lotwyche described as Lord of Lotwyche who died in 1264.This early part of the family can be found in the Heraldic Visitations of 1779 kindly supplied by David Garnett a Lutwyche family member.(see photo albums) Richard,a descendant and wealthy landowner commissioned the building of Lutwyche Hall and Shipton Hall,both of which are still standing today. The link to my family is through Edward Lutwyche son & heir of Richard who took my 11X Greatgrandmother as his 2nd. wife.She although she wouldn't have known it was a direct descendant of the Kings of Wessex,Scotland & Ireland. ******************************************************************************